# Function Definition Language Operators#

## Operator Order of Precedence#

`||`

boolean operator*(left associative)*`&&`

boolean operator*(left associative)*`!`

boolean operator*(non-associative)*`<`

,`<=`

,`>`

,`>=`

,`==`

,`!=`

relational operators*(left associative)*`=`

assignment operator*(right associative)*`+`

and`-`

operators*(left associative)*`*`

,`/`

and`%`

operators*(left associative)*`^`

operator*(right associative)*- unary
`-`

operator*(non-associative)* `++`

and`--`

operators*(non-associative)*

## Mathematical Operators#

`-`

*expr*- The result is the negation of the expression.
*expr*`+`

*expr*- The result of the expression is the sum of the two expressions.
*expr*`â€“`

*expr*- The result of the expression is the difference between the two expressions.
*expr*`*`

*expr*- The result of the expression is the product of the two expressions.
*expr*`/`

*expr*- The result of the expression is the quotient of the two expressions.
*expr*`%`

*expr*- The result of the expression is the remainder of the division.
`^`

*expr*- The result of the expression is the value of the first expression raised to the second expression.

The second expression must be an integer. `(`

*expr*`)`

- Alters the standard precedence to force the evaluation of the expression, e.g. a + b / c is not the same as (a + b) / c.

## Variable Operators#

`var`

refers to either a simple or an array variable.

A simple variable is just a name; an array variable is specified as `name[expr]`

(array subscript may be an expression).

`++`

*var*- The variable is incremented by one and the new value is the result of the expression.
`--`

*var*- The variable is decremented by one and the new value is the result of the expression.
*var*`++`

- The result of the expression is the value of the variable and the variable is then incremented by one.
*var*`--`

- The result of the expression is the value of the variable and the variable is then decremented by one.
*var*`=`

*expr*- The variable is assigned the value of the expression.
*var**op*`=`

*expr*- This is equivalent to
*var*`=`

*var**op**expr*with the exception that the*var*part is evaluated only once.

This can make a difference if var is an array.

is one of the mathematical operators*op*`+`

,`-`

,`*`

,`/`

,`%`

or`^`

.

## Relational Operators#

Relational expressions evaluate to either `0`

(if the relation is false) or `1`

(if the relation is true).

These may appear in any legal expression.

*expr1*`<`

*expr2*- The result is
`1`

if*expr1*is strictly less than*expr2*. *expr1*`<=`

*expr2*- The result is
`1`

if*expr1*is less than or equal to*expr2*. *expr1*`>`

*expr2*- The result is
`1`

if*expr1*is strictly greater than*expr2*. *expr1*`>=`

*expr2*- The result is
`1`

if*expr1*is greater than or equal to*expr2*. *expr1*`==`

*expr2*- The result is
`1`

if*expr1*is equal to*expr2*. *expr1*`!=`

*expr2*- The result is
`1`

if*expr1*is not equal to*expr2*.

## Boolean Operators#

The result of all boolean operators is either `0`

or `1`

(for `false`

and `true`

), as in Relational expressions.

Any non-zero value is treated as `1`

.

`!`

*expr*- The result is
`1`

if*expr*is`0`

, otherwise`0`

. (`NOT`

) *expr*`&&`

*expr*- The result is
`1`

if both expressions are nonâŒ€zero, otherwise`0`

. (`AND`

) *expr*`||`

*expr*- The result is
`1`

if either expression is nonâŒ€zero otherwise`0`

. (`OR`

)

## Bitwise Operators#

`~`

*expr*- Bitwise
`NOT`

*expr*`&`

*expr*- Bitwise
`AND`

*expr*`|`

*expr*- Bitwise
`OR`

*expr*`>>`

*expr*- Shift right
*expr*`<<`

*expr*- Shift left